tobolsk – тобольск

Tobolsk is located in the Tyumen Oblast. It is a very photogenic town and surely deserves a dedicated page. Tobolsk was founded in 1587. For quite a long time it was the capital of Siberia. It prospered on trade with China and Bukhara. It was there that the first school, theater, and newspaper in Siberia were established. The town's importance declined when the Trans-Siberian Railway bypassed it in the 1890s.

Tobolsk is the only town in Siberia and one of the few in Russia which has a standing stone Kremlin from the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Its white walls and towers with an ensemble of churches and palatial buildings spectacularly sited on a high river bank were proclaimed a national historical and architectural treasure in 1870.

Semyon Remezov - Architect of Tobolsk Kremlin

The principal monument in the Kremlin is the Cathedral of St. Sophia (1683-1686). Less eye-catching is the 1746 Intercession Cathedral. Between the two is a 1799 bell tower, built to give shelter to the unruly Uglich bell. (See also Golden Ring - Uglich). The bell signaled a revolt against Tsar Boris Godunov. In fury Godunov ordered the bell publicly flogged, his tongue ripped off and banished to Tobolsk.

Views of Tobolsk Kremlin

The town hall.

John Burke of Cleveland, Ohio is enjoying views of Tobolsk Kremlin and the Kremlin Square.

The view of the old town from the Kremlin Hill.

The deposed Tsar Nicholas II and his family stayed in Tobolsk from August 1917 till April 1918 in this house in the old town.

Next to Kremlin there is a promenade on the high bank of the Irtysh River.