Khabarovsk was founded in 1858 as a military post. Today it is the nicest city in the region, a booming river town with tree-lined streets, squares with fountains, 19th century brick buildings, parks overlooking the Amur River and nice tile-paved waterfront with a strip of sandy beach. A walk along the city's main street gives a chance to admire the graceful 19th-20th century architectire.

The Assumption Cathedral.

The Transfiguration Cathedral.

The riverfront combined with a strip of beach is a very popular place both with beer drinkers and sunbathers, especially on hot summer days.

A pleasant city park stretches 1.5 km along the Amur.

Dominating the park and the riverfront is a cliff-top tower in which a troupe of WWII Austro-Hungarian POW musicians was shot dead for refusing to play the Russian Imperial anthem.

Opposite the tower is a statue of Count Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky the founder of the city.

Komsomolskaya Square.


The indigenous people of Khabarovsk krai are the Nanai. Their administrative center is the town of Troitskoe 150 km north of Khabarovsk where you can visit an open air ethnographic complex and see performance of Nanai dancing and singing bands as well as to learn their traditions and rites.

Petroglyphs, caves and spas are also available in Khabarovsk krai. Easily accessible petroglyphs can be found just 50 km north of Khabarovsk near the Nanai village of Sikachi-Alyan. They are enigmatic stone carvings dating from the 11th century BC. They can be found on basalt boulders scattered along the Amur River's bank.


The Proshchalnaya (literally Farewell) Cave is the largest in the Far East. It has many halls and long winding passages. The cave is accessible by road. 300 km south-east of Khabarovsk.

A car traveler is free to drive north of Khabarovsk to see the end of the road in the town of Nikolaevsk-on-the-Amur or to go to the sea port of Vanino with the intention to ferry the car and himself to Sakhalin Island. In the late 30s Vanino was a major trans-shipment center for hundreds of thousands of gulag prisoners waiting to be shipped to the gold fields of Kolyma. (For details of the Kolyma region and the Road of Bones see Yakutia and Magadan pages).

The road leading south takes a traveler to Vladivostok the center of the Primorsky Krai - the final destination on the way from the Barents Sea to the Sea of Japan.