The city was founded in 1749. Currently it is the largest city in Russia’s South with population of circa 1,150,000 people as well as an important industrial center. For short the city is called just Rostov. Not to be confused with the ancient small town of Rostov which makes part of the Golden Ring and is located about 200 km north-east of Moscow.

The nativity of the Virgin Cathedral built in 1856 in the neo-Byzantine style.

The city is located on both banks of the Don River. The river embankment makes a perfect promenade especially on warm summer days and nights.

A statue of Mikhail Sholokhov the author of And Quiet Flows the Don novel about the 1918-1920 Civil War which followed the 1917 Russian Revolution.

A statue of the famous Russian writer Maxim Gorky.

The Zmievskaya Balka Memorial. Here in August 1942 Germans killed 27,000 Jews and 3,000 people of other nationalities.


Theatre lovers may want to visit Taganrog the birthplace of the world-famous playwright Anton Chekhov.

Besides, in Taganrog there is a statue of Yuri Gagarin the first man in space and Sergey Korolev the head of the Soviet space program.

A war memorial on the way from Rostov to Taganrog.



The settlement was founded in 1593 and was the Don Cossack capital until the early 19th century. Every last Sunday from May through September the village hosts Cossack fairs with horse riding, singing, dancing, etc.

Cossack babushkas.

Military trophies taken during Cossack raids on Turks in 1640ss.

The Resurrection Cathedral contains a magnificent golden iconostasis.

Next to the Cathedral is a bust of the Commander-in-Chief (Ataman in Cossack terminology) of the Cossack troops during Napoleonic wars Mathew Platov. He was born here in 1753.

The Church of Our Lady of the Don where the ataman was baptized is still standing.

The ataman's house.

Easter in Starocherkasskaya. Traditionally Cossacks are very religious.

Miniatures of Cossack life.


In 1805 ataman Platov moved the capital to the town of Novocherkassk. The main square is taken by the Ascension Cathedral.

A statue of Ermak – another famous ataman who annexed Western Siberia for the Russian state from Siberian Tatars. When travelling in Siberia you will find many mentions of him.

The Reconciliation and Concord Monument unveiled in 2005 to mark the 200th anniversary of Novocherkassk. In the course of the 1918-1920 Civil War the Cossacks took different sides, i.e. for and against the revolution and fiercely fought each other.